Abstract：The low transformation rate of scientific and technological achievements in China has become a well-acknowledged difficulty in tech,so it is critical to adjust and innovate policy to change the status quo.This paper aims at exploring the main characteristics and internal logic of policy changes from 1978 to 2019.Findings are as follows.First,the emphasis of policies shifts with the policy evolution,featured by inheritance and development,reflecting four policy trends of marketization,integration,diversification and talent-driven innovation.Second,the institutional change of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements is characterized by path dependence.The separation of research and production shaped under the brand of planned economy,has been caught in lockdown with the benefits accumulation and incomplete market.The unlocking in political and cognitive level by “top-down”exogenous institutional driving force,and the “bottom-up”endogenous market mechanism formed by the pressure of environmental change and the profit-seeking of market entities,were and are helping establish new institutions and seek path breakthroughs.
李胜会, 夏敏. 中国科技成果转化政策变迁:制度驱动抑或市场导向[J]. 中国科技论坛, 2021(10): 1-13.
Li Shenghui, Xia Min. The Policy Evolution Analysis of Scientific and Technological Achievements Transformation in China:System-Driven or Market-Oriented. , 2021(10): 1-13.